The biblical book of John1 starts with the statements: “1 In the beginning, the Word existed. The Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He existed in the beginning with God. 3 Through him all things were made, and apart from him nothing was made that has been made. 4 In him was life, and that life brought light to humanity. 5 And the light shines on in the darkness, and the darkness has never put it out.” In this account, the world began with God as the creator and ruler of mankind. Those were the days of theocracy.
In the biblical narrative, God continued to “walk” with man, from Abraham and through the lineage of the Israelites. It was when the Israelites decided to shrug away the rule of God that eventually gave way to monarchy rule. King Saul became the first king of the Israelites. Since then, the Israelites were ruled by kings until the kingdom was conquered and the people were scattered all over the world. Modern Israel became a republic in 1948 after the Diaspora.
In Chinese history, a similar story was told of the creator of the world referred to as Shangdi (上帝). Early Chinese also believed in this invisible One God, to whom they worship. There was no idolatry. Shangdi is regarded as their divine provider in the largely agrarian society that depends on timely rains to thrive. In time, the civilisation progressed with the ascendency of dynastic emperors who took over the role of “god” to lord of man. Xia Dynasty became the first dynasty in the 21st century B.C.. That marked a change from a primitive society to a slave society, taking China into a succession of monarchy rulership. Slave society developed further during the Shang (16th-11th century B.C.) and the Western Zhou (11th century-770 B.C.) Dynasties, till recent times.
Many civilisations and nations were once, or are still ruled under a monarchy. The modern concept of democratic representation of individuals in government in the western world, starting in the early 19th century is found commonly in what is called a republic. A republic is a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals. Currently, 135 of the world’s 206 sovereign states are considered republics.
Many may not have noticed that the world is entering into a new kind of government – Technocracy. The dependency on technology is so intricately woven into the fabric of life that no government will be possible without absolute control of the technology that knows everyone, moves goods and services and payment systems. The ones who are able to control these technologies will be the people who govern. That may just be a small group of people who will be able to impose absolute control over mankind. With the likes of Google, Facebook and NSA, the writings are on the wall that the day of total control is near.
History has taught us an ultimate lesson. Mankind is crazy. Kings cannot rule. Individual rights and universal suffrage are illusionary dreams. Let’s get back to theocracy.
And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.